Dental Clinical and Experimental Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Relationship Between the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) and Demographic Characteristics of Pregnant Women Referred to Health Centers in Zahedan, 2016

Elham Bozorgmehr 1 , Masoud Bamedi 2 , 3 , * , Saeed Khalili 4 and Hossein Ansari 5
Authors Information
1 Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 Department of Periodontology Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
4 Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
5 Health Promotion Research center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Article information
  • Dental Clinical and Experimental Journal: 4 (1); e80052
  • Published Online: July 20, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: June 1, 2018
  • Revised: December 19, 2018
  • Accepted: January 9, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/dcej.80052

How to Cite: Bozorgmehr E, Bamedi M, Khalili S, Ansari H. Relationship Between the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) and Demographic Characteristics of Pregnant Women Referred to Health Centers in Zahedan, 2016, Dent Clin Exp J. Online ahead of Print ; 4(1):e80052. doi: 10.5812/dcej.80052.

Copyright © 2019, Dental Clinical and Experimental Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Laine MA. Effect of pregnancy on periodontal and dental health. Acta Odontol Scand. 2002;60(5):257-64. [PubMed: 12418714].
  • 2. Amin R, Shetty P. Oral health status during pregnancy in mangalore. Nitte Univ J Health Sci. 2014;4(2):114.
  • 3. Fujiwara N, Tsuruda K, Iwamoto Y, Kato F, Odaki T, Yamane N, et al. Significant increase of oral bacteria in the early pregnancy period in Japanese women. J Investig Clin Dent. 2017;8(1). doi: 10.1111/jicd.12189. [PubMed: 26345599].
  • 4. Khanna S, Shalini M. Pregnancy and oral health: Forgotten territory revisited!. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2010;60(2):123-7. doi: 10.1007/s13224-010-0017-0. [PubMed Central: PMC3372052].
  • 5. Dhaliwal JS, Lehl G, Sodhi SK, Sachdeva S. Evaluation of socio-demographic variables affecting the periodontal health of pregnant women in Chandigarh, India. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2013;17(1):52-7. doi: 10.4103/0972-124X.107475. [PubMed: 23633773]. [PubMed Central: PMC3636946].
  • 6. Wandera M, Engebretsen IM, Okullo I, Tumwine JK, Astrom AN, Promise-Ebf Study Group . Socio-demographic factors related to periodontal status and tooth loss of pregnant women in Mbale district, Uganda. BMC Oral Health. 2009;9:18. doi: 10.1186/1472-6831-9-18. [PubMed: 19615094]. [PubMed Central: PMC2722607].
  • 7. Clothier B, Stringer M, Jeffcoat MK. Periodontal disease and pregnancy outcomes: Exposure, risk and intervention. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;21(3):451-66. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2007.01.005. [PubMed: 17363331].
  • 8. Shamsi M, Hidarnia A, Niknami S, Rafiee M, Zareban I, Karimy M. The effect of educational program on increasing oral health behavior among pregnant women: Applying health belief model. Health Educ Health Promot. 2014;1(2):21-36.
  • 9. Vasiliauskiene I. Oral health status of pregnant women. Stomatologija. 2003;5(2):57-61.
  • 10. Onigbinde O, Sorunke M, Braimoh M, Adeniyi A. Periodontal status and some variables among pregnant women in a Nigeria tertiary institution. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(6):852-7. doi: 10.4103/2141-9248.144876. [PubMed: 25506475]. [PubMed Central: PMC4250980].
  • 11. Ghari Zadeh N, Haghighizadeh MH, Sabarhaji W, Karimi A. [A study of DMFT and oral hygiene and gingival status among pregnant women attending Ahwaz health centres]. Jundishapur Sci Med J. 2005;43:40-7. Persian.
  • 12. Ifesanya JU, Ifesanya AO, Asuzu MC, Oke GA. Determinants of good oral hygiene among pregnant women in Ibadan, South-Western Nigeria. Ann Ib Postgrad Med. 2010;8(2):95-100. [PubMed: 25161475]. [PubMed Central: PMC4111021].
  • 13. Greene JC, Vermillion JR. The simplified oral hygiene index. J Am Dent Assoc. 1964;68:7-13. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1964.0034. [PubMed: 14076341].
  • 14. Marakoglu I, Gursoy UK, Marakoglu K, Cakmak H, Ataoglu T. Periodontitis as a risk factor for preterm low birth weight. Yonsei Med J. 2008;49(2):200-3. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2008.49.2.200. [PubMed: 18452254]. [PubMed Central: PMC2615330].
  • 15. Tadakamadla SK, Agarwal P, Jain P, Balasubramanyam G, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S, et al. Dental status and its socio-demographic influences among pregnant women attending a maternity hospital in India. Arch Oral Res. 2007;3(3). doi: 10.7213/aor.v3i3.23134.
  • 16. Alwaeli HA, Al-Jundi SH. Periodontal disease awareness among pregnant women and its relationship with socio-demographic variables. Int J Dent Hyg. 2005;3(2):74-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2005.00121.x. [PubMed: 16451386].
  • 17. Piscoya MD, Ximenes RA, Silva GM, Jamelli SR, Coutinho SB. Periodontitis-associated risk factors in pregnant women. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012;67(1):27-33. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2012(01)05. [PubMed: 22249477]. [PubMed Central: PMC3248597].
  • 18. Taani DQ, Habashneh R, Hammad MM, Batieha A. The periodontal status of pregnant women and its relationship with socio-demographic and clinical variables. J Oral Rehabil. 2003;30(4):440-5. [PubMed: 12631171].
  • 19. Asif K, Debnath S, Rani T, Ramesh DNVS, Surekha R, Sharma P. Periodontal status in pregnant women in comparison with non-pregnant individuals. Chronicles Young Scientists. 2014;5(1):65. doi: 10.4103/2229-5186.129341.
  • 20. Chung LH, Gregorich SE, Armitage GC, Gonzalez-Vargas J, Adams SH. Sociodemographic disparities and behavioral factors in clinical oral health status during pregnancy. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014;42(2):151-9. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12075. [PubMed: 24117710]. [PubMed Central: PMC3960354].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments